Culloden Moor

The Battle of Culloden (pron Cullo-den not Culluden)and in Gaelic it is Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the last pitched battle on British soil. It was the final act of the Jacobite rising that began in 1745 when Charles Edward Stuart continued an earlier campaign led by his father who would have been King James VIII and III had Catholics not been prevented from taking the United Kingdom throne.

The battle took place on 16 April 1746 when exhausted and hungry Jacobites, crofters – men and boys not used to fighting were routed by an army of the British state under command of the Duke of Cumberland – known in Scotland as the ruthless Butcher Cumberland.

The slaughter of Highlanders continued for years and property was confiscated and traditional tartans were banned by the government in London along with bagpipes and other features of Highland life.

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